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Plants and Plant extracts are used in the practice of herbal folk medicine

Plants and plant extracts that are used in the practice of healing is known as herbalism. Pharmacognosy refers to the study of the physical, chemical, biochemical and biological properties of drugs, drug substances or potential drugs or drug substances of natural origin as well as the search for new drugs from natural sources.[1] According to the World Health Organization, approximately 75-80% (4 billion people) of the world's population uses plant medicines either in part or entirely.[2] For many this is out of necessity, since many cannot afford the high costs of pharmaceutical drugs.[3]


History:


The use of plants for medicine is older than recorded history and is the oldest form of healthcare known to the human race.[4]
An example of the use of plants for pain relief and healing is marshmallow root (soothing to sore throats and irritated digestive tracts),hyacinth, and yarrow (cold and fever remedy) have been found carefully tucked around the bones of a Stone Age man in
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Wheat and Barley seeds were used for pregnancy tests in Ancient Egypt
Iraq.[5] The first recorded form of a urine based pregnancy test was created in 1350 B.C in Ancient Egypt. Women who were thought to be pregnant would urinate on wheat and barley seeds over several days. “If the barley grows, it means a male child. If the wheat grows, it means a female child. If both do not grow, she will not bear at all.” This theory was tested in 1963. The results showed that 70 percent of the time, the urine of pregnant women did promote growth, while the urine of non-pregnant women and men did not. [6] Herbal medicine was the first form of medication and was the only option for humans prior to pharmaceutical medication.




Forms and Usage of Herbal Medications:


Herbs are in a variety of forms, including fresh, dried, in tablets or capsules, or bottled in liquid form. You can purchase herbal medications individually or in mixtures formulated for specific conditions.[7] Herbs are in the form of raw herbs, tinctures, extracts, capsules, tablets, lozenges, and ointments which are available at health stores.[8] Common

herbal medications are ones such as Aloe Vera which is used to restores skin tissues and may aid the healing of burns and sores.[9] Garlic helps lower cholesterol levels and blood sugar which helps prevent heart attack and stroke.[10] Ginger is the most widely used herbal remedy on the planet and relieves allergies and asthma, arthritis, colds, and nausea.[11] There are over 4 billion people in the world that use herbal remedies and that has encouraged the sales and stores of herbal and natural health care.



Article Summary:


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http://www.abc.net.au/pm/content/2012/s3407004.htm

"When rats are drunk they behave like humans, just lie down." says Dr. Jiang Liang who is leading the research of a experiment to cure alcoholism. The study, which is being conducted at the University of California in Los Angeles, involves injecting rats with a dose of alcohol proportionate to the amount a human would get from downing 15 to 20 beers in two hours. The rats are then treated using DHM, a compound used in ancient chinese hangover remedies that originates from oriental raisin tree extract. Researcher observe how long it takes for the rats after being laid on their back, how long it will take for them to become upright. The rats treated with DHM took just five minutes to recover, compared to those without the drug who slept for more than an hour. Liang reported that the DHM compound reduced the craving for alcohol and therefore treat alcoholism in people.

This article relates to my topic because...

There are over 140 million people worldwide that are dealing with alcoholism.[12] The possibility of a potential drug to cure and/or treat the disease is life saving and innovational. This study will lead the road to curing a horrible disease and also promote more study regarding similar subjects involving addicts and cravings.

Glossary:


Capsules,Tablets:
Contain a ground or powdered form of raw herb. Pill-like form. In general, there seems to be little difference between the two in terms of clinical results.

Herbalism:
The study or practice of the medicinal and therapeutic use of plants,

Pharmaceutical:
Relating to medicinal drugs, or their preparation, use, or sale. a compound manufactured for use as a medicinal drug.

Remedies:
a medicine or treatment for a disease or injury.
  1. ^ http://www.pharmacognosy.us/what-is-pharmacognosy/
  2. ^ http://www.rainforesteducation.com/medicines/PlantMedicines/rfmedicines.htm
  3. ^ http://www.rainforesteducation.com/medicines/PlantMedicines/rfmedicines.htm
  4. ^ http://www.herbpalace.com/alternative-medicine/herbal-medicine.html
  5. ^ http://www.herbpalace.com/alternative-medicine/herbal-medicine.html
  6. ^ http://history.nih.gov/exhibits/thinblueline/timeline.html
  7. ^ http://www.herbpalace.com/alternative-medicine/herbal-medicine.html
  8. ^ http://www.herbpalace.com/alternative-medicine/herbal-medicine.html
  9. ^ http://www.herbalremediesinfo.com/HERBS.html
  10. ^ http://www.herbalremediesinfo.com/HERBS.html
  11. ^ http://www.herbalremediesinfo.com/HERBS.html
  12. ^ http://www.who.int/director-general/speeches/2001/english/20010219_youngpeoplealcohol.en.html