Mary Amanzai- Ways human use Plants

Ways Humans uses plants


Plants are one thing that has been around for many centuries. Humans are very dependent on plants because it is a very big part of our lives. Humans use plants every day in many different ways, which makes it an important part of their lives. Some of the important ways that humans use plants for are food, medicine, clothing and shelter. We also use plants for paper, and fuel.[1] [2]
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Plants also provide humans with oxygen. Thy do this by taking eneergy from the sun (known as photosynthesis) which is then used as energy for the plants. Plants taken in carbon dioxide, and releases oxygen and glucose, which is good for humans.








1.1 Food


One way that humans use plants, is for food. Food is a very important part of our lives and most of it comes from plants. There are many different foods that we get from plants, for emaple fruits and vegetables are the main source. For a very long time, humans have used spices and herbs derived from plants for seasoning on foods. Nutmeg and pepper are examples of spices derived from dried fruit, while rosemary or sage comes from the leaves of the plant. Cinnamon however is found, in the stem of the plant. Spices can

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Fruits and Vegetables are a source of food for humans that are provided by plants

also be used in cooking or baking. Drinks can also be made from plants, for example tea, coffee, or cocoa can be made by putting them in steeped hot water. Fruit juices and beverages are also made from plants. There are many other different beverages that can be derived from fruits.[3]




1.2 Medicine


Humans have also and still are using plants for medicine. Plants are a greater part of healthcare, making over 80% of people on earth reliable to it. Most of the medicine comes from plants. About a quarter of prescription contain materials from plants. Others are synthesised copies of chemicals found naturally in plants, or are modified from the initial natural product.
Catharanthus roseus (Madagascar periwinkle)
Catharanthus roseus (Madagascar periwinkle)

The rose periwinkle of Madagascar has provided humans 2 drugs for cancer treatment and can also be used to treat childhood leukaemia and Hodgkin's disease.[4] Another plant that has been used for different reasons for centuries is the Aloe Vera plant.
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Aloe Vera

This plant has been popular for a long period of time, and also called the wonder plant. Aloe Vera has many uses, such as lowering cholesterol for people who have high cholesterol, help to lower blood glucose levels in people with type II diabetes. Aloe Vera leaf parenchyma (aloe gel) may be effective when used on the skin against psoriasis, burns, frostbite, and sores caused by Herpes simplex virus. Aloe Vera can also be used in food, food supplements and cosmetic.[5] There are over 200 different types of Aloe Vera plants, and only 4 or 5 are commonly used in medicines.[6] There are also many more plants that absolutely needed in order to make medicine.


Article

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The new medicinal herb and aroma garden at Stamford Hospital's Tully Health Center


In 2010, Ganga Duleep, master gardener and preceptor for UCONN, spotted an open space outside of Tully health Center at Stamford Hospital in Stamford, CT, while she was checking up on Thai basil plants. She saw an empty grass, and thought, why not plant a medical garden for better use. The idea of the garden was to naturally heal and cure illness. The garden has a variety of different plants each with different uses. Chinese rhubarb, curry leaf, lemongrass, aloe, and cinnamon, are some of the plants in the garden. In May 2011,
Duleep planted the medical garden. Read more HERE

Duleep has shown a great example of human uses of plants, by planting a healing garden she has used plants for medicine.



1.3 Clothing


Most of our clothing come from plants. Throughout history, clothing has either been made of plant or animal fibres. Some of the earliest examples of clothing are made of wool or linen.
synthetic fibers (such as polyester) have also been made to make clothing, but due to animal cruelty and the environmental concerns associated creating synthetic fibers, plant fibers are becoming increa
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Gossypium herbaceum (cotton)
singly popular in use for clothing. One of the most popular fabric is cotton. It's known for being durable, light and breathable, and is often mixed with polyester to prevent wrinkles, but this can also cause the fabric to pill. Cotton fabric is made from the fibers that grow around t
Flax plant-made into linen fabric
Flax plant-made into linen fabric


he seed of the cotton plant. Linen is made from the fibers of the flax plant and is much more expensive than cotton, because the plant must be hand harvested. Linen is two to three times stronger than cotton and also cooler and lighter. Hemp fabric is made from the stems of the Cannabis sativa plant. The fabric is strong, durable and resistant to ultraviolet light and mold.[7]




1.4 Shelter


Shelter is one of the elements of survival, along with food and water. Shelter offers people safety and security. Often a person’s shelter is a reflection of their personal habitat. In many part of the world, wood is used a lot for shelter. Wood is used to construct modern homes. Furniture is commonly composed of wood and cloth made from plant fibers. Walls are often covered with paper, and some paints and varnishes are derived from plant extracts. Bamboo can also be used to make shelter, because of its strong material.[8] Plants a re also used to make paper, with is very important today. Papyrus, a grasslike plant, was used more than four thousand years ago in the first endeavor, by Egyptians, to make paper. It is from this plant that paper has derived its name.[9]

1.5 Fossil Fuels


Fossil fuels have been provided by plants and animals that have died a long time ago. These plants are the origin of coal, oil, and gas that can be used for heating and cooking purposes. Humans have been using fossil fuels everywhere and in many different ways. Fossil fuels cover many types of fuels that are now used to power cars, homes, and even entire cities. The most common fuel is coal; it has been used at the dawn of the industrial revolution, but has over time changed its application as a source of energy. At first it was

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Coal-powered Generator


used to steam engines of locomotives, later it became the main fuel source of power plants. Today it has still been the most used source of electric power. Gasoline plays an important role in our economy, because of its ability to power most today's automobiles and vehicles.[10] The demand for gas is increasing as more and more countries develop a market for cars and trucks. Most of the world supply of gasoline is in the Middle East, which is not very good for western countries because of their poor relations. The oldest form of fuel is wood, which is burned to create heat for warmth and for cooking.[11] Although fossil fuels have a great role in human lives, it is also a treat to the environment because of the pollution that is produced by the factories.

References


  1. ^ Kew, Royal Botanic Gardens. Plants & Fungi Uses. Retrieved from: http://www.kew.org/plants-fungi/plant-fungi-uses/index.htm
  2. ^ Essortment. Plants: Their uses for Human Life. Retrieved from: http://www.essortment.com/plants-uses-human-life-55156.html
  3. ^ Essortment. Plants: Their uses for Human Life. Retrieved from: http://www.essortment.com/plants-uses-human-life-55156.html
  4. ^ Kew, Royal Botanic Gardens. Medicine. Retrieved from: http://www.kew.org/plants-fungi/plant-fungi-uses/medicine/index.htm
  5. ^ Kew, Royal Botanic Gardens. Aloe Vera. Retrieved from: http://www.kew.org/plants-fungi/Aloe-vera.htm
  6. ^ Aloe Vera Land. AboutAloe Vera Benefits. Retrieved from: http://www.aloeveraland.ca/about-aloe-vera.html
  7. ^ Nickolaisen, M. Plants used for Clothing. eHow. Retrieved from: http://www.ehow.com/list_6373003_plants-used-clothing.html
  8. ^ Essortment. Plants: Their uses for Human Life. Retrieved from: http://www.essortment.com/plants-uses-human-life-55156.html
  9. ^ Essortment. Plants: Their uses for Human Life. Retrieved from: http://www.essortment.com/plants-uses-human-life-55156.html
  10. ^ Jessa, T. (2010,September 15). What are fossil fuels. Universe Today. Retrieved from: http://www.universetoday.com/73708/what-are-fossil-fuels/
  11. ^ Essortment. Plants: Their uses for Human Life. Retrieved from: http://www.essortment.com/plants-uses-human-life-55156.html