Companion Planting is the idea that if certain plants are planted close together, they will benefit eachother and others around them. Plants that are a part of companion planting get many benefits such as pest control without the use of chemicals (i.e pesticide) and a higher crop yield [1] . Companion Planting can be, and is used, to encourage plant health and growth symbiotically [2] . It is one of many natural tools used by gardeners and farmers to enhance crop yield and quality at harvest.
Gardening Example of Companion Planting
Gardening Example of Companion Planting


How Companion Planting works

Companion Planting is simply the act of planting crops close to or near each other so that they enhance the growth and quality of nearby plants, and, if possible, improve the soil quality [5] . Most plants have natural materials in their stems, roots, and leaves that can either attract certain insects, or repel them, for the benefit of themselves and the plants around them. It is a naturally symbiotic process, so for example, if two different plants are planted together, one plant can attract an insect that is beneficial for the other by feeding on pests that attack it[6] .

Recent Article Summary: Companion Planting - An Intensive Gardening Method

The benefits of companion planting are great and numerous. First, certain plants can attract beneficial insects that can help protect other plants from pests. These helpful insects include bees, assassin bugs, lady bugs and lacewings. They can feed on the annoying pests, or help by pollunating certain plants. The next benefit is the ability to repel insects. The plant marginold releases a natural pesticide that can deter insects such as whiteflies, but the plant can also attract snails and other organisms. Finally, companion planting can also allow certain plants to supply others with extra nutrients. An example of this is the legume family of vegetables. They convert nitrogen from the air into a usable resource by spreading it into the soil via the roots. After this, other plants nearby can use the nitrogen.[7]

The article in question, Companion Planting - An Intensive Gardening Method, relates to my article by showcasing the plentiful benefits of companion planting, and how putting certain plants next to eachother can have a huge impact on the harvest quality and quantity, without the use of dangerous and altering chemicals.
Diagram showing the spacing of Companion Planting
Diagram showing the spacing of Companion Planting


Companion Planting- is the gardening practice of planting one plant in proximity to another, due to the benefits it bestows on this "companion plant."

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