Biomimicry


What is Biomimicry

The word itself derives from the Greek words, "Bios", meaning life, and "Mimesis" meaning to imitate. Also known as Biomimetics, or Biotics, Biomimicry is the study/examination of nautre, all its systems, processes, models, and elements, and using their natural designs, to create man made things to solve human problems. In the world of science it is thought of as "innovation inspired by nature".[1] Since nature has had millions of year of evolution finding out what lasts and what doesn't last in this world. So as humans if a good idea to improve human life is needed we can simply look to nature for guided inspiration.


History of Biomimicry


Although the terms Biomimetics, and Biotics came first, Biomimicry was first seena s early as 1982. It became widely know and popular in 1997 with the release of a book called "Biomimicry: Innovation inspired by nature". This book defined Biomimicry as, "new science that studies nature's models and then imitates or takes inspiration from these designs and processes to solve human problems"[2] . Leonardo da Vinci was one of the first people to use Biomimicry way back in the 15th century. He studied birds and their ability to fly, to give inspartion to the thought of enabling human flight. He had made a variety of notes an sketches on many different "flying machines. Although never successful it was there first good attmept. It wasn't until the Wright Brothers, in 1903, who mastered flying, by observing the flight of pigeons.
wright_brothers.jpg
Wright Brothers first successful Flight, inspired by nature


Process of Biomimicry

Biomimicry looks at nature in three specific ways, model, measure and mentor:

Model:

The first step taken by scientists, is to model their tageted organism from nature. This model is called a "Biomimicry design spiral".

Measure:

After millions of years, nature has found out what works and what doesn't work out of society. Now it is our job to determine if it is sustainable enough to become apart of society.

Mentor:

We then must use the inpriation and ideas given my the organism and it's fuctions, rather than use the organism itself.

Examples of Biomimicry

1. Velcro[3]
burrrr.jpg
The idea for Velcro came from George de Mestral, who took the idea from burrs and how they kept sticking to his dogs hair.















2. Display Technology[4]
These butterly wings, are able to reflect light so that specifice wavelenghts interfere with eachother to create bright colours. The same idea was applied to display screens like on an ipod
These butterly wings, are able to reflect light so that specifice wavelenghts interfere with eachother to create bright colours. The same idea was applied to display screens like on an ipod



3. Multi-focal Contact Lenses/ Better Cameras[5]
Gecko's have a "series of distincet concentric zones in their eyes" which lets them see colours at night. Also Gekos have a "multifocal optical system", which lets them focus on objects at different distances. This may help future Biomimicry develop better Cameras, and Multi-focal lenses
Gecko's have a "series of distincet concentric zones in their eyes" which lets them see colours at night. Also Gekos have a "multifocal optical system", which lets them focus on objects at different distances. This may help future Biomimicry develop better Cameras, and Multi-focal lenses


Summary

Biomimicry is a road in which humanity can travel down to find a sustainable future. The natural world fuctions way better then the world the human race has created, and by making ours more like what goes on in nature, we will be more likely to last here. Biomimcry also lets people see the importance in conserving biodiveresty on earth as each organism has something to teach us, something that can better our lives, we just need find it, and create the innovations.[6]
  1. ^ http://biomimicryinstitute.org/about-us/what-is-biomimicry.html
  2. ^
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Biomimicry
  3. ^
    http://brainz.org/15-coolest-cases-biomimicry/
  4. ^
    http://www.treehugger.com/slideshows/clean-technology/nature-inspired-innovation-9-examples-of-biomimicry-in-action/
  5. ^
    http://webecoist.momtastic.com/2011/01/14/brilliant-bio-design-14-animal-inspired-inventions/
  6. ^
    http://www.asknature.org/article/view/what_is_biomimicry