What is Biomimicry?

Biomimicry: the examination of nature and its processes to take inspiration from to help solve human problems and sustainability.[1]






History

The first research done on biomimicry was by examining the flight of birds. This was examined to enable the flight of humans. An important person who helped to further the development of humans was Leonardo Da Vinci,[2] who filled his sketchbooks with inventions that were closely linked to designs found in nature. Many early inventors also turned to nature to help spur ideas and inventions.
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Humans were able to create flight of humans in an airplane. The Wright brothers are credited with inventing and building the world's first airplane. While observing birds the Wright brothers noticed that the birds soared into the wind and the air that flows over the curved surface of their wings is what created lift. They learned that birds could change the shape of their wings in order to turn and have control over their direction. The Wright brothers used these techniques to create control over the plan by changing the shape of the wing.[3]

Biomimicry became a field of study first in the late-20th century. Then, in the 1990s, a biologist named Janine M. Benyus provided a more comprehensive focus on biomimicry when she published her book, "Biomimicry: Innovation Inspired by Nature." The book discussed the nine laws of nature she believes should be considered in any true form of biomimetic design. Since publishing her book, Benyus has evolved the field of biomimicry even further. In 1998, she co-founded the biomimicry guild, which has consulted with design studios, architecture firms and manufactures in order to equip creators and producers with lessons of biomimicry.[4]






Scientific Article



http://www.biomimicrynews.com/research/An_unmanned_aerial_vehicle_that_uses_wind_power_like_a_bird_--_pure_genius.asp



Summary


"While all aeroplanes mimic the shape of birds, the Green Falcon II will literally use the wind to power its movement, just as a bird would," Mr Al Sabban said.[5]
The first airplane was created by mimicking the flight of birds as best as humans could. Now, with recent scientific development, we are able to create a plane that while flying like a bird can also harness the wind to fly, much like a bird would. This is a much more environmentally friendly way of transportation.

This article relates to the topic of biomimicry because it is a great example of it. If it were not for animals, we as humans would not be as far developed as we are. By paying close attention to how animals move and survive we have been able to evolve and more recently, we have been working to reduce greenhouse gases to help the environment.


Examples


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  1. Geckos have a series of distinct concentric places in their eyes that enable them to see colors at night. Their eyes are 350 times more sensitive than humans, because of this they can focus on objects at different distances. The discovery may allow engineers to develop more effective cameras and even multi-focal contact lenses.
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  2. Sharkskin is made up of many overlapping scales called dermal denticles which are much like little teeth. The denticles have grooves running down their length. They disrupt the formation slower water, which makes the water pass by faster.[6]
  3. Velcro was invented by a Swiss engineer named George de Mestral in 1941.The small hooks found at the end of the burr needles had inspired him to create
    velcro.[7]

    velcro_collage.jpg
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Biomimicry- Ppt/Animation

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  1. ^ //
    http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/biomimicry
  2. ^ http://www.ueet.nasa.gov/StudentSite/historyofflight.html
  3. ^ http://inventors.about.com/od/wstartinventors/a/TheWrightBrother.htm
  4. ^ http://curiosity.discovery.com/question/the-history-of-biomimicry
  5. ^ http://www.biomimicrynews.com/research/An_unmanned_aerial_vehicle_that_uses_wind_power_like_a_bird_--_pure_genius.asp
  6. ^ http://www.mnn.com/earth-matters/wilderness-resources/photos/7-amazing-examples-of-biomimicry/sharkskin-swimsuit
  7. ^
  8. ^ http://www.educapoles.org/uploads/flashanims_files/energy2_15_en_090316.swf